Name: Cauliflower Description: *The edible part of this plant is actually a cluster of flower buds. It’s a sweet and spicy spin on cauliflower. Short stem ends with a compact inflorescence in the form of a white head, yellow, purple. Make a cut towards the base of the plant and remove the leaves The outer layer of skin on the lower half of cauliflower stems are slightly tough, so they should be peeled before adding them to recipes. Omissions? Like other vegetables in this group, which is part of the mustard family, it has a zesty, slightly spicy texture in both raw and cooked form. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The broad leaves extend far above the curd and are often tied together before harvest to shade the curd and prevent discoloration. Add your answer and earn points. Broccoli and cauliflower belong to the same plant family, but you may wonder whether one is healthier than the other. This is composed of many small clusters of flowers. Cauliflower is a cool-weather crop and requires consistent temperatures of about 16 °C (60 °F) to produce heads. Clubroot, a fungal disease, is a common problem for cauliflower crops, and the plants are fairly susceptible to a number of foliage-eating insects, including cabbage loopers, cabbage whites, and aphids. Most stores carry the vegetable at various points in the year. Cauliflower and broccoli plants produce flowers we like to eat. If the climate is too cold, it will only produce small, partial heads. Broccoli is a human invention. The colored varieties can add an interesting tone to dishes, when they can be obtained. All of these plants are actually variants of the same species, and cauliflower is formally known as Brassica oleracea var. Cauliflower is a vegetable in the Brassica oleracea species, which includes cabbage, Brussels sprouts, broccoli, kale, and kohlrabi. Although, people across the world are a bit However, the plant is also rich in vitamins C, K and B6, as well as being a rich source of potassium and fibre. Cauliflowers are annual plants that reach about 0.5 metre (1.5 feet) tall and bear large rounded leaves that resemble collards (Brassica oleracea, variety acephala). Usually, we eat only the head. The cauliflower head is composed of a Dietary Saturated Fat & Cholesterol & Risk of Coronary Heart Disease: While many factors affect heart disease, diets low in saturated fat and cholesterol may reduce the risk of this disease. Flowers of cauliflower are edible flowers. It is an annual plant reproducing by seed. Cauliflower is part of the cabbage family. Mary has a liberal arts degree from Goddard College and Whether you’re sticking to lifestyle goals, or looking to go plant-powered, build your go-to order with Cilantro-Lime Cauliflower Rice for a real good, feel good option. Cauliflower, as part of a low sodium diet, may reduce the risk of high blood pressure. It is an annual plant that reproduces by seed. Plant-Based Fried Cauliflower is an oil-free vegan dish that mimics the taste and texture of fried food, without the frying part. Cauliflower, (Brassica oleracea, variety botrytis), highly modified form of cabbage in the mustard family (Brassicaceae), grown for its edible masses of partially developed flower structures and fleshy stalks. ANSWER: Indeed, all parts of the cauliflower are edible, including the stems and leaves. Cauliflower is said to have originated in South West Asia or Turkey. The name is a nod to the fact that the vegetable is an unusual plant in a family that is cultivated for edible greens, not flowers. The head of the cauliflower consists of a white Meristem inflorescence. Stem Cauliflower is a vegetable in the Brassica oleracea species, which includes cabbage, Brussels sprouts, broccoli, kale, and kohlrabi. Subscribe to our newsletter and learn something new every day. The head of cauliflower is also sometimes called the white curd, or just the curd. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. We eat the cauliflower head. Asked by Wiki User 2 answers A cauliflower is a flower. It was bred out of the wild cabbage plant, Brassica oleracea . Cauliflower is high in vitamins C and K and is frequently served as a cooked vegetable or used raw in salads and relishes. Whichever portion of the plant a consumer intends to eat, the head should be firmly and evenly colored when purchased, and the leaves and stalks should be crisp, not wilted. How to Harvest Cauliflower. As desired for food, the terminal cluster forms a firm, succulent “curd,” or head, that is an immature inflorescence (cluster of flowers). I’m calling this recipe Plant-Based “Fried” Cauliflower. Brassicaceae have flowers with four sepals and petals, and the…. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Mark Twain said that “cauliflower is nothing but cabbage with a college education” and I think he’s right. 7 8 9 Answer Cauliflower How much is cauliflower buying it? https://www.britannica.com/plant/cauliflower, LiveScience - Cauliflower: Health Benefits & Nutrition Facts, Healthline - The Top 8 Health Benefits of Cauliflower, University of Illinois Extension - Cauliflower, cauliflower - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). It was cultivated to have a specific taste and flavor that was more palatable to people.. The amount of these components varies according to plant species, plant part used, environmental condition, and growth stage and it is very problematic when … Make the most of this winter staple in soups, casseroles, and recipes that typically use flour. botrytis. Cauliflower is part of the same plant family as broccoli, Brussel sprouts, cabbage and kale. At a casual glance, it does resemble curds of milk, since it is lumpy and white. The plants produce cross-shaped yellow flowers and bear seeds in dry capsules known as siliques. Updates? Commercially, white cauliflower is the most common, though orange, purple, green, and brown cultivars also exist. If you’re planting cauliflower seeds directly into your garden, sow seeds half an inch deep, in rows that are three to six inches apart, about a month before the last Corrections? Many members of the Botrytis group have been grown throughout Europe for centuries. Farmers' markets and specialty produce stores may offer variegated cauliflower when it is available. Cauliflower is a cool-season crop and grows best in well-draining, organic soil at a pH value of 6.5 or above. In case there’s confusion, the white part is the head (made up of a ton of tiny half Broccoli plant leaves each have a strong central petiole or stalk that keeps them suspended in the air. It requires good soil and plenty of water especially when young. Cauliflower is one of several vegetables in the species Brassica oleracea, in the family Brassicaceae. The plant can be cooked, pickled, or eaten raw, and there are numerous culinary applications for cauliflower ranging from curries to fake mashed potatoes. botrytis. Cauliflower prefers a garden soil pH of 6.0 to 7.0. ANSWER: Cauliflower is one of several vegetables in the species Brassica oleracea in the genus Brassica, which is in the family Brassicaceae. Is broccoli or cauliflower man made? The name for cauliflower comes from the Latin caulis, which means “stalk,” and floris, for “flower.” Since the term “kale” is also related to caulis, the name could also be translated as kale flower or cabbage flower. The pale yellowish white part and the stem part is also edible. You may also . In the right climate, cauliflower can be coaxed into yielding twice a year, providing a source of nutrition when other plants may not be maturing. Annual plant has a deep root system and long leaves. Which part of plant is cabbage 1 See answer aryan6518 is waiting for your help. exciting challenge of being a wiseGEEK researcher and writer. Typically, it is ready about 2-3 months after you plant the seedlings. Learn similarities and differences between broccoli and cauliflower. Harvest your cauliflower when it is white, firm and large. …an immature flower, such as cauliflower, broccoli, and artichoke; a seed, such as pea and lima bean; the immature fruit, such as eggplant, cucumber, and sweet corn (maize); or the mature fruit, such as tomato and…, broccoli, carrot, cauliflower, celery, muskmelon, pea, radish, summer squash, and sweet corn (maize); cabbage, lettuce, and spinach are suited to vacuum cooling; air cooling is preferred for bean, cucumber, eggplant,…, cabbage, cauliflower, turnips, and radishes, as well as gardening plants such as sweet alyssum, wallflower, and rock cress. The top half of the stems, similar to broccoli, are actually quite tender and require no peeling. However, the stem and especially leaves are edible too and are especially good for adding to soup stocks. It is descendent from a wild cabbage and after undergoing various Plant your seeds. As a general rule, the head is white, but variants come in purple and green as well. However, the plant is notoriously difficult to grow, with finicky temperature requirements, and some gardeners give up on getting it to grow at all, let alone yield twice. The crisp green leaves and stalk are also edible, although they require cooking before they can be consumed. The (flower) head and the leaves. Test your knowledge with this quiz. Cauliflower, (Brassica oleracea, variety botrytis), highly modified form of cabbage in the mustard family (Brassicaceae), grown for its edible masses of partially developed flower structures and fleshy stalks. The plant is native to Asia and the Mediterranean. Cauliflower is technically frost tolerant, and can be grown in most USDA zones, but it is not frost hardy, and can be damaged. Technically, most of the cauliflower plant is edible, but most consumers prefer the head, which is formed from a mass of immature flower stalks. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Cauliflower nutritional information Much like broccoli, water makes up around 90% of cauliflower plants. More specifically, it’s a cluster of immature flower buds, known as a curd . You can also plant it on your own, with cauliflower being part of the Brassica family, which is grown for its head, which is Wikibuy Review: A Free Tool That Saves You Time and Money, 15 Creative Ways to Save Money That Actually Work. , though orange, purple, green, and tends to prefer cool, moist cauliflower is which part of plant! Leaves and stalk are also edible, including the stems, similar to,. For centuries salads and relishes answer cauliflower How much is cauliflower buying it leaves edible! Taste and flavor that was more palatable to people college education ” and I he. Her free time reading, cooking, and tends to prefer cool, moist climates I think he ’ right... Grow best in moist nitrogen-rich soil and plenty of water especially when young that reproduces by seed perfectly and! 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