Infant mortality is the number of infants who die during their first year of life. This paper examines the determinants of infant and child mortality variations in Jordan, Yemen, Egypt, and Tunisia using data from WFS surveys. HHS infant mortality rates and average life expectancy . Our mission is to liberate knowledge. For the sake of convenience, however, these two types of factors will be discussed separately. The main causes of infant mortality in these countries are, therefore, mainly genetic or biological in nature. National Center for Biotechnology Information, Unable to load your collection due to an error, Unable to load your delegates due to an error. Essay on the History of Mortality Rate in India. Infant mortality is the death of young children under the age of 1. Infant mortality is measured by the Infant Mortality Rate, which is the number of infant deaths per 1,000 live births. In countries where infant mortality rates are very low, a higher proportion (that is, more than two-thirds) of infant deaths occurs during the neo-natal stage, because, being developed, they have been successful in almost completely eliminating the environmental factors responsible for such deaths. Mothers who were considered at risk of beingunder weight during pregnancy were prone to 6.18 the normal rate of infant mortality. Social, cultural, economic and environmental factors are also found to affect infant mortality, especially during the post-neo-natal period. Some studies that discuss infant mortality have been done by previous researchers, including Winarno (2009) with the conclusion that the percentage of women giving birth assisted by health workers and the average length of time given exclusive breastfeeding can affect infant mortality. Of the estimated 130 million infants born each year worldwide,1 4 million die in the first 28 days of life. The infant mortality rate is effected by a large number of socio-demography and economic factors. This paper empirically tests for factors affecting infant mortality rates. The state Assam is economically a backward state and infant mortality rate is found to be higher in comparison to that of some other economically advanced states of India. Although fewer infants died In Cuyahoga County in 2016 than in 2015, the infant mortality rate of 8.6 deaths per 1,000 births is still one-third higher than the national average. Mortality rates could fall substantially without the need for economic growth because the impact factor of GDP on mortality was dramatically improving thanks to new discoveries in public health. Factors which affect foetal and neo-natal deaths are primarily endogenous, while those which affect post-neo-natal deaths are primarily exogenous. What other factors affect the infant mortality rate? In fact, the opposite is the case. The rate based on the first period is known as the neo-natal mortality rate, while that on the second period is referred to as the post-neo-natal mortality rate. Consequently such a child does not receive the care, in terms of nutrition and other facilities that it needs. A persistent pattern of higher child mortality for females than for males is found, suggesting preferential care and treatment of male offspring. The higher mortality risk is found for infants born to very young and very old mothers, with short previous birth intervals, of higher birth orders, and where the previous infant had died. For all countries, the mortality rate for the non-breastfeeders is substantially higher than for the breastfeeders even when the effect of the other covariates is controlled. Household income and child survival in Egypt. 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